Department of Surgery | Conditions and Treatments

Abrasion

What is an abrasion? An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a brush burn. Abrasions are usually minor injuries that you can treat at home. When...

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Appendicitis

What is appendicitis in children? Appendicitis is a painful swelling and infection of the appendix (a narrow, finger-like pouch that branches off the large intestine). Doctors are not really sure what...

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Choledochal Cysts

A choledochal cyst is a rare congenital swelling of the hepatic or bile duct of your child’s liver. This is the tract that transports bile produced by the cells to the gallbladder and duodenum (the...

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Circumcision

Circumcision is a surgical procedure to remove the skin covering the end of the penis, called the foreskin. In many cultures, circumcision is a religious rite or a ceremonial tradition. It is most...

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Cloacal Deformities

Cloacal deformities encompass a wide range of complicated defects in girls that occur during fetal development of the lower abdominal structures, particularly the intestinal and genito-urinary tracts,...

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Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

A congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a benign (non-cancerous) mass of abnormal lung tissue usually located on one lobe (section) of the lung. CCAMs occur with equal frequency on both...

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Crohn’s Disease in Children

Crohn’s Disease in Children Crohn’s disease (CD) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) where one or more parts of a child’s intestinal tract become inflamed. Crohn’s disease is a chronic — but...

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Esophageal Atresia

Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare birth defect in which a baby is born without part of the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach). About 1 in 4,000 babies in the U.S. is born with...

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Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma is a kind of cancer that grows in bones or soft tissues. The tumor was first described by a pathologist, Dr. James Ewing, in the 1920’s. Most often, it is found in the bones of the...

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Foker Process

You may have heard that esophageal atresia (EA) can be challenging to treat. Unfortunately, that's true. However, the dedicated, compassionate esophageal disorders team at Boston Children's is world...

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a digestive disorder that returns acidic or non-acid stomach juices, food or fluids back up into the esophagus. It is also called acid reflux or heartburn. When the...

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Gastroschisis

What is gastroschisis? Gastroschisis is an opening in the abdominal wall that appears during fetal development. It is considered to be a birth defect. Gastroschisis occurs in about 1 in every 5,000...

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Gynecomastia

Overview Gynecomastia is a condition in which above-average amounts of breast tissue form in males. This tissue is usually less than two inches wide. Typically located directly under one or both...

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Hemangioma

Overview When you saw that your baby had a birthmark, you may have been concerned. But rest assured that birthmarks are very common in infants—and most of them are pretty harmless. Your doctor...

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Hernia

What is a hernia? A hernia occurs when a section of intestine or other intra-abdominal structure protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal muscles. A soft bulge is seen underneath the skin, where...

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Hirschsprung's Disease

Hirschsprung's disease occurs when some of your baby’s intestinal nerve cells don’t develop properly, causing them to interfere with the movement of food and stools in the intestines. The intestine...

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Hydrocele

A hydrocele is fluid around the testicles that presents as painless scrotal swelling. One of your child's testicles may look larger than the other. Hydroceles are often found in newborn boys,...

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Hypospadias

Amid the joys of welcoming your child into the world, it can be very stressful to learn that he has been born with any kind of abnormality—especially one that may need surgery in the early months of...

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Liver Injuries

Overview Liver injuries The liver is the largest organ inside the body. It sits under the right lower ribs and may go all the way across to the left side. What are liver injuries? The liver, the...

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Midaortic Syndrome And Renovascular Hypertension Program

About us The Midaortic Syndrome and Renovascular Hypertension (MAS/RVH) Program at Boston Children's Hospital is one of the only centers of its kind dedicated to diagnosing, treating, and providing...

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Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor that begins in nerve tissue of very young children, usually beginning in the abdomen or adrenal glands. Abnormal nerve cells may be present before birth, but the...

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Omphalocele

Overview Parents of a child with an omphalocele An omphalocele is a birth defect in which some of your baby's abdominal organs protrude through an opening in her abdominal muscles in the area of her...

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Pectus excavatum

Overview Jay M. Wilson, MD, senior associate in Boston Children's Hospital's Department of Surgery Here’s what you should know about pectus excavatum (also known as "funnel chest"): Pectus excavatum...

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Pilonidal Care Program

The word “pilonidal” means “hair nest.” Pilonidal disease is a chronic infection of the skin in the butt crease region. The condition occurs from a reaction to hairs rooted in the skin causing a “nest...

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Pectus Carinatum

Pectus carinatum is primarily a cosmetic concern. Mild cases may not need any treatment at all, while moderate-to-severe cases can be treated effectively by bracing or surgery". -Jay M. Wilson, MD,...

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Phimosis and Paraphimosis

What is phimosis and paraphimosis? Phimosis is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be drawn back over the tip of the penis. This condition is a normal occurrence in the...

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Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

The small intestine is an important part of the digestive tract – it’s where we absorb most of the sugars, proteins and fats from the food we eat. If a child doesn’t have enough small intestine, her...

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Spleen Injuries

Overview What are spleen injuries? The spleen is soft and is surrounded by a tough covering, or capsule. If your child is hit or falls in a way that causes the left chest or upper abdomen to hit the...

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Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

About Thyroglossal Duct Cyst in children In the fetus, the thyroid gland forms at the bottom of the tongue. Early in fetal life it then “migrates” or moves from the bottom of the tongue downward to...

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Thyroid Nodules

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones that are important for growth and metabolism. A thyroid nodule is a solid or fluid-filled lump that forms within the thyroid...

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Tracheomalacia

Tracheomalacia is collapse of the airway when breathing. This means that when your child exhales, the trachea narrows or collapses so much that it may feel hard to breathe. This may result in a...

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Ulcerative Colitis

What is ulcerative colitis? Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition in which one or more parts of the intestinal tract become inflamed. (Crohn’s disease, CD,...

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Undescended Testicles (cryptorchidism)

Undescended testicles—a condition also called cryptorchidism—is fairly common. Before a baby boy is born, the testicles form in the child’s abdomen. During the third trimester, the testicles travel...

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Vascular Malformations, Tumors, and Hemangiomas

Vascular malformations, tumors and hemangiomas all refer to a variety of non-cancerous birthmarks and lesions. Boston Children's Hospital is home to internationally renowned physicians for their...

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Wilms' Tumor

Wilms tumor (also called nephroblastoma) is a cancerous tumor in the cells of the kidney. Fortunately, with the right treatment, Wilms tumor is highly treatable. Wilms tumor can occur at any age...

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