Caregiver Profile

Caregiver Profile

Meet Dr. Scott B. Snapper


Undergraduate Degree

  • Tufts University , Boston , MA

Graduate Degree

  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine , New York , NY

Medical School

  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine , New York , NY


  • Brigham and Women's Hospital , Boston , MA


  • Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA


Dr. Snapper serves as an expert for the Department of Gastroenterology for Boston Children's Hospital Precision Medicine Service. For more information about the Precision Medicine Service please visit


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Haberman Y, Minar P, Karns R, Dexheimer PJ, Ghandikota S, Tegge S, Shapiro D, Shuler B, Venkateswaran S, Braun T, Ta A, Walters TD, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Rosh J, Markowitz J, Dotson JL, Mack DR, Kellermayer R, Griffiths AM, Heyman MB, Baker SS, Moulton D, Patel AS, Gulati AS, Steiner SJ, LeLeiko N, Otley A, Oliva-Hemker M, Ziring D, Gokhale R, Kim S, Guthery SL, Cohen SA, Snapper S, Aronow BJ, Stephens M, Gibson G, Dillman JR, Dubinsky M, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S, Jegga AG, Denson LA. Mucosal Inflammatory and Wound Healing Gene Programs Reveal Targets for Stricturing Behavior in Pediatric Crohn's Disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2020 Aug 08. View abstract
  2. Ziv A, Werner L, Konnikova L, Awad A, Jeske T, Hastreiter M, Mitsialis V, Stauber T, Wall S, Kotlarz D, Klein C, Snapper SB, Tzfati Y, Weiss B, Somech R, Shouval DS. An RTEL1 Mutation Links to Infantile-Onset Ulcerative Colitis and Severe Immunodeficiency. J Clin Immunol. 2020 Jul 24. View abstract
  3. Khoshnevisan R, Anderson M, Babcock S, Anderson S, Illig D, Marquardt B, Sherkat R, Schröder K, Moll F, Hollizeck S, Rohlfs M, Walz C, Adibi P, Rezaei A, Andalib A, Koletzko S, Muise AM, Snapper SB, Klein C, Thiagarajah JR, Kotlarz D. NOX1 Regulates Collective and Planktonic Cell Migration: Insights From Patients With Pediatric-Onset IBD and NOX1 Deficiency. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 Jul 17; 26(8):1166-1176. View abstract
  4. Rockowitz S, LeCompte N, Carmack M, Quitadamo A, Wang L, Park M, Knight D, Sexton E, Smith L, Sheidley B, Field M, Holm IA, Brownstein CA, Agrawal PB, Kornetsky S, Poduri A, Snapper SB, Beggs AH, Yu TW, Williams DA, Sliz P. Children's rare disease cohorts: an integrative research and clinical genomics initiative. NPJ Genom Med. 2020; 5:29. View abstract
  5. Mitsialis V, Wall S, Liu P, Ordovas-Montanes J, Parmet T, Vukovic M, Spencer D, Field M, McCourt C, Toothaker J, Bousvaros A, Shalek AK, Kean L, Horwitz B, Goldsmith J, Tseng G, Snapper SB, Konnikova L. Single-Cell Analyses of Colon and Blood Reveal Distinct Immune Cell Signatures of Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease. Gastroenterology. 2020 Aug; 159(2):591-608.e10. View abstract
  6. Ouahed J, Spencer E, Kotlarz D, Shouval DS, Kowalik M, Peng K, Field M, Grushkin-Lerner L, Pai SY, Bousvaros A, Cho J, Argmann C, Schadt E, Mcgovern DPB, Mokry M, Nieuwenhuis E, Clevers H, Powrie F, Uhlig H, Klein C, Muise A, Dubinsky M, Snapper SB. Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Clinical Approach With a Focus on the Role of Genetics and Underlying Immune Deficiencies. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 May 12; 26(6):820-842. View abstract
  7. Kerur B, Benchimol EI, Fiedler K, Stahl M, Hyams J, Stephens M, Lu Y, Pfefferkorn M, Alkhouri R, Strople J, Kelsen J, Siebold L, Goyal A, Rosh JR, LeLeiko N, Van Limbergen J, Guerrerio AL, Maltz R, Karam L, Crowley E, Griffiths A, Heyman MB, Deneau M, Benkov K, Noe J, Mouton D, Pappa H, Galanko JA, Snapper S, Muise AM, Kappelman MD. Natural History of? Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease in North America: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 May 09. View abstract
  8. Ziegler CGK, Allon SJ, Nyquist SK, Mbano IM, Miao VN, Tzouanas CN, Cao Y, Yousif AS, Bals J, Hauser BM, Feldman J, Muus C, Wadsworth MH, Kazer SW, Hughes TK, Doran B, Gatter GJ, Vukovic M, Taliaferro F, Mead BE, Guo Z, Wang JP, Gras D, Plaisant M, Ansari M, Angelidis I, Adler H, Sucre JMS, Taylor CJ, Lin B, Waghray A, Mitsialis V, Dwyer DF, Buchheit KM, Boyce JA, Barrett NA, Laidlaw TM, Carroll SL, Colonna L, Tkachev V, Peterson CW, Yu A, Zheng HB, Gideon HP, Winchell CG, Lin PL, Bingle CD, Snapper SB, Kropski JA, Theis FJ, Schiller HB, Zaragosi LE, Barbry P, Leslie A, Kiem HP, Flynn JL, Fortune SM, Berger B, Finberg RW, Kean LS, Garber M, Schmidt AG, Lingwood D, Shalek AK, Ordovas-Montanes J. SARS-CoV-2 Receptor ACE2 Is an Interferon-Stimulated Gene in Human Airway Epithelial Cells and Is Detected in Specific Cell Subsets across Tissues. Cell. 2020 05 28; 181(5):1016-1035.e19. View abstract
  9. Tsou AM, Olesen SW, Alm EJ, Snapper SB. 16S rRNA sequencing analysis: the devil is in the details. Gut Microbes. 2020 Sep 02; 11(5):1139-1142. View abstract
  10. Kelsen JR, Sullivan KE, Rabizadeh S, Singh N, Snapper S, Elkadri A, Grossman AB. North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper on the Evaluation and Management for Patients With Very Early-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 03; 70(3):389-403. View abstract
  11. Serra EG, Schwerd T, Moutsianas L, Cavounidis A, Fachal L, Pandey S, Kammermeier J, Croft NM, Posovszky C, Rodrigues A, Russell RK, Barakat F, Auth MKH, Heuschkel R, Zilbauer M, Fyderek K, Braegger C, Travis SP, Satsangi J, Parkes M, Thapar N, Ferry H, Matte JC, Gilmour KC, Wedrychowicz A, Sullivan P, Moore C, Sambrook J, Ouwehand W, Roberts D, Danesh J, Baeumler TA, Fulga TA, Karaminejadranjbar M, Ahmed A, Wilson R, Barrett JC, Elkadri A, Griffiths AM, Snapper SB, Shah N, Muise AM, Wilson DC, Uhlig HH, Anderson CA. Somatic mosaicism and common genetic variation contribute to the risk of very-early-onset inflammatory bowel disease. Nat Commun. 2020 02 21; 11(1):995. View abstract
  12. Crowley E, Warner N, Pan J, Khalouei S, Elkadri A, Fiedler K, Foong J, Turinsky AL, Bronte-Tinkew D, Zhang S, Hu J, Tian D, Li D, Horowitz J, Siddiqui I, Upton J, Roifman CM, Church PC, Wall DA, Ramani AK, Kotlarz D, Klein C, Uhlig H, Snapper SB, Gonzaga-Jauregui C, Paterson AD, McGovern DPB, Brudno M, Walters TD, Griffiths AM, Muise AM. Prevalence and Clinical Features of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Associated With Monogenic Variants, Identified by Whole-Exome Sequencing in 1000 Children at a Single Center. Gastroenterology. 2020 Jun; 158(8):2208-2220. View abstract
  13. Werner L, Lee YN, Rechavi E, Lev A, Yerushalmi B, Ling G, Shah N, Uhlig HH, Weiss B, Somech R, Snapper SB, Shouval DS. Alterations in T and B Cell Receptor Repertoires Patterns in Patients With IL10 Signaling Defects and History of Infantile-Onset IBD. Front Immunol. 2020; 11:109. View abstract
  14. Kelsen JR, Sullivan KE, Rabizadeh S, Singh N, Snapper S, Elkadri A, Grossman AB. NASPGHAN Position Paper on The Evaluation and Management for Patients with Very Early-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease (VEO-IBD). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 Dec 30. View abstract
  15. Luong P, Li Q, Chen PF, Wrighton PJ, Chang D, Dwyer S, Bayer MT, Snapper SB, Hansen SH, Thiagarajah JR, Goessling W, Lencer WI. A quantitative single-cell assay for retrograde membrane traffic enables rapid detection of defects in cellular organization. Mol Biol Cell. 2020 03 19; 31(7):511-519. View abstract
  16. Jardine S, Anderson S, Babcock S, Leung G, Pan J, Dhingani N, Warner N, Guo C, Siddiqui I, Kotlarz D, Dowling JJ, Melnyk RA, Snapper SB, Klein C, Thiagarajah JR, Muise AM. Drug Screen Identifies Leflunomide for Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Caused by TTC7A Deficiency. Gastroenterology. 2020 03; 158(4):1000-1015. View abstract
  17. Sprockett D, Fischer N, Boneh RS, Turner D, Kierkus J, Sladek M, Escher JC, Wine E, Yerushalmi B, Dias JA, Shaoul R, Kori M, Snapper SB, Holmes S, Bousvaros A, Levine A, Relman DA. Treatment-Specific Composition of the Gut Microbiota Is Associated With Disease Remission in a Pediatric Crohn's Disease Cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 11 14; 25(12):1927-1938. View abstract
  18. Magg T, Shcherbina A, Arslan D, Desai MM, Wall S, Mitsialis V, Conca R, Unal E, Karacabey N, Mukhina A, Rodina Y, Taur PD, Illig D, Marquardt B, Hollizeck S, Jeske T, Gothe F, Schober T, Rohlfs M, Koletzko S, Lurz E, Muise AM, Snapper SB, Hauck F, Klein C, Kotlarz D. CARMIL2 Deficiency Presenting as Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 10 18; 25(11):1788-1795. View abstract
  19. Tyagi RK, Li J, Jacobse J, Snapper SB, Shouval DS, Goettel JA. Humanized mouse models of genetic immune disorders and hematological malignancies. Biochem Pharmacol. 2020 04; 174:113671. View abstract
  20. Lekbua A, Ouahed J, O'Connell AE, Kahn SA, Goldsmith JD, Imamura T, Duncan CN, Kelsen JR, Worthey E, Snapper SB, Softic S. Risk-factors Associated With Poor Outcomes in VEO-IBD Secondary to XIAP Deficiency: A Case Report and Literature Review. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 07; 69(1):e13-e18. View abstract
  21. Krishnakumar C, Ballengee CR, Liu C, Kim MO, Baker SS, Baldassano RN, Cohen SA, Crandall WV, Denson LA, Dubinsky MC, Evans J, Gokhale R, Griffiths A, Guthery SL, Oliva-Hemker M, Heyman MB, Keljo D, Kellermayer R, Leleiko NS, Mack DR, Markowitz JF, Moulton DE, Noe JD, Otley AR, Patel AS, Pfefferkorn M, Rabizadeh S, Rosh JR, Snapper S, Walters TD, Ziring D, Mondal K, Kappelman MD, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S. Variation in Care in the Management of Children With Crohn's Disease: Data From a Multicenter Inception Cohort Study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 06 18; 25(7):1208-1217. View abstract
  22. Boden EK, Canavan JB, Moran CJ, McCann K, Dunn WA, Farraye FA, Ananthakrishnan AN, Yajnik V, Gandhi R, Nguyen DD, Bhan AK, Weiner HL, Korzenik JR, Snapper SB. Immunologic Alterations Associated With Oral Delivery of Anti-CD3 (OKT3) Monoclonal Antibodies in Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Ulcerative Colitis. Crohns Colitis 360. 2019 Jul; 1(2):otz009. View abstract
  23. Duvallet C, Larson K, Snapper S, Iosim S, Lee A, Freer K, May K, Alm E, Rosen R. Aerodigestive sampling reveals altered microbial exchange between lung, oropharyngeal, and gastric microbiomes in children with impaired swallow function. PLoS One. 2019; 14(5):e0216453. View abstract
  24. Pizarro TT, Stappenbeck TS, Rieder F, Rosen MJ, Colombel JF, Donowitz M, Towne J, Mazmanian SK, Faith JJ, Hodin RA, Garrett WS, Fichera A, Poritz LS, Cortes CJ, Shtraizent N, Honig G, Snapper SB, Hurtado-Lorenzo A, Salzman NH, Chang EB. Challenges in IBD Research: Preclinical Human IBD Mechanisms. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 05 16; 25(Suppl 2):S5-S12. View abstract
  25. Kurolap A, Eshach Adiv O, Konnikova L, Werner L, Gonzaga-Jauregui C, Steinberg M, Mitsialis V, Mory A, Nunberg MY, Wall S, Shaoul R, Overton JD, Shuldiner AR, Zohar Y, Paperna T, Snapper SB, Shouval DS, Baris Feldman H. A Unique Presentation of Infantile-Onset Colitis and Eosinophilic Disease without Recurrent Infections Resulting from a Novel Homozygous CARMIL2 Variant. J Clin Immunol. 2019 05; 39(4):430-439. View abstract
  26. Goettel JA, Kotlarz D, Emani R, Canavan JB, Konnikova L, Illig D, Frei SM, Field M, Kowalik M, Peng K, Gringauz J, Mitsialis V, Wall SM, Tsou A, Griffith AE, Huang Y, Friedman JR, Towne JE, Plevy SE, O'Hara Hall A, Snapper SB. Low-Dose Interleukin-2 Ameliorates Colitis in a Preclinical Humanized Mouse Model. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019; 8(2):193-195. View abstract
  27. Graham WV, He W, Marchiando AM, Zha J, Singh G, Li HS, Biswas A, Ong MLDM, Jiang ZH, Choi W, Zuccola H, Wang Y, Griffith J, Wu J, Rosenberg HJ, Wang Y, Snapper SB, Ostrov D, Meredith SC, Miller LW, Turner JR. Intracellular MLCK1 diversion reverses barrier loss to restore mucosal homeostasis. Nat Med. 2019 04; 25(4):690-700. View abstract
  28. Taylor DM, Aronow BJ, Tan K, Bernt K, Salomonis N, Greene CS, Frolova A, Henrickson SE, Wells A, Pei L, Jaiswal JK, Whitsett J, Hamilton KE, MacParland SA, Kelsen J, Heuckeroth RO, Potter SS, Vella LA, Terry NA, Ghanem LR, Kennedy BC, Helbig I, Sullivan KE, Castelo-Soccio L, Kreigstein A, Herse F, Nawijn MC, Koppelman GH, Haendel M, Harris NL, Rokita JL, Zhang Y, Regev A, Rozenblatt-Rosen O, Rood JE, Tickle TL, Vento-Tormo R, Alimohamed S, Lek M, Mar JC, Loomes KM, Barrett DM, Uapinyoying P, Beggs AH, Agrawal PB, Chen YW, Muir AB, Garmire LX, Snapper SB, Nazarian J, Seeholzer SH, Fazelinia H, Singh LN, Faryabi RB, Raman P, Dawany N, Xie HM, Devkota B, Diskin SJ, Anderson SA, Rappaport EF, Peranteau W, Wikenheiser-Brokamp KA, Teichmann S, Wallace D, Peng T, Ding YY, Kim MS, Xing Y, Kong SW, Bönnemann CG, Mandl KD, White PS. The Pediatric Cell Atlas: Defining the Growth Phase of Human Development at Single-Cell Resolution. Dev Cell. 2019 04 08; 49(1):10-29. View abstract
  29. Kang YH, Biswas A, Field M, Snapper SB. STAT1 signaling shields T cells from NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Nat Commun. 2019 02 22; 10(1):912. View abstract
  30. Denson LA, Jurickova I, Karns R, Shaw KA, Cutler DJ, Okou D, Valencia CA, Dodd A, Mondal K, Aronow BJ, Haberman Y, Linn A, Price A, Bezold R, Lake K, Jackson K, Walters TD, Griffiths A, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Hyams JS, Crandall WV, Kirschner BS, Heyman MB, Snapper S, Guthery SL, Dubinsky MC, Leleiko NS, Otley AR, Xavier RJ, Stevens C, Daly MJ, Zwick ME, Kugathasan S. Genetic and Transcriptomic Variation Linked to Neutrophil Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor Signaling in Pediatric Crohn's Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 02 21; 25(3):547-560. View abstract
  31. Lekbua A, Ouahed J, O'Connell AE, Kahn SA, Goldsmith JD, Imamura T, Duncan CN, Kelsen JR, Worthey E, Snapper SB, Softic S. Risk-factors Associated with Poor Outcomes in VEO-IBD Secondary to XIAP Deficiency: A Case Report and Literature Review. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019 Feb 07. View abstract
  32. Li Y, Führer M, Bahrami E, Socha P, Klaudel-Dreszler M, Bouzidi A, Liu Y, Lehle AS, Magg T, Hollizeck S, Rohlfs M, Conca R, Field M, Warner N, Mordechai S, Shteyer E, Turner D, Boukari R, Belbouab R, Walz C, Gaidt MM, Hornung V, Baumann B, Pannicke U, Al Idrissi E, Ali Alghamdi H, Sepulveda FE, Gil M, de Saint Basile G, Hönig M, Koletzko S, Muise AM, Snapper SB, Schwarz K, Klein C, Kotlarz D. Human RIPK1 deficiency causes combined immunodeficiency and inflammatory bowel diseases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 01 15; 116(3):970-975. View abstract
  33. Haberman Y, Schirmer M, Dexheimer PJ, Karns R, Braun T, Kim MO, Walters TD, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Rosh J, Markowitz J, Crandall WV, Mack DR, Griffiths AM, Heyman MB, Baker SS, Kellermayer R, Moulton D, Patel AS, Gulati AS, Steiner SJ, LeLeiko N, Otley A, Oliva-Hemker M, Ziring D, Kirschner BS, Keljo DJ, Guthery SL, Cohen SA, Snapper S, Evans J, Dubinsky M, Aronow B, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S, Huttenhower C, Xavier RJ, Denson LA. Age-of-diagnosis dependent ileal immune intensification and reduced alpha-defensin in older versus younger pediatric Crohn Disease patients despite already established dysbiosis. Mucosal Immunol. 2019 03; 12(2):491-502. View abstract
  34. Ouahed J, Gordon W, Canavan JB, Zhou H, Du S, von Schack D, Phillips K, Wang L, Dunn WA, Field M, Friel S, Griffith A, Evans S, Tollefson S, Carrellas M, Cao B, Merker A, Bousvaros A, Shouval DS, Hung K, Lepsy C, Afzelius L, Korzenik JR, Snapper SB. Mucosal Gene Expression in Pediatric and Adult Patients With Ulcerative Colitis Permits Modeling of Ideal Biopsy Collection Strategy for Transcriptomic Analysis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 11 29; 24(12):2565-2578. View abstract
  35. Lindoso L, Mondal K, Venkateswaran S, Somineni HK, Ballengee C, Walters TD, Griffiths A, Noe JD, Crandall W, Snapper S, Rabizadeh S, Rosh JR, LeLeiko N, Guthery S, Mack D, Kellermayer R, Gulati AS, Pfefferkorn MD, Moulton DE, Keljo D, Cohen S, Oliva-Hemker M, Heyman MB, Otley A, Baker SS, Evans JS, Kirschner BS, Patel AS, Ziring D, Stephens MC, Baldassano R, Dubinsky MC, Markowitz J, Denson LA, Hyams J, Kugathasan S, Ananthakrishnan AN. The Effect of Early-Life Environmental Exposures on Disease Phenotype and Clinical Course of Crohn's Disease in Children. Am J Gastroenterol. 2018 10; 113(10):1524-1529. View abstract
  36. Lehle AS, Farin HF, Marquardt B, Michels BE, Magg T, Li Y, Liu Y, Ghalandary M, Lammens K, Hollizeck S, Rohlfs M, Hauck F, Conca R, Walz C, Weiss B, Lev A, Simon AJ, Groß O, Gaidt MM, Hornung V, Clevers H, Yazbeck N, Hanna-Wakim R, Shouval DS, Warner N, Somech R, Muise AM, Snapper SB, Bufler P, Koletzko S, Klein C, Kotlarz D. Intestinal Inflammation and Dysregulated Immunity in Patients With Inherited Caspase-8 Deficiency. Gastroenterology. 2019 01; 156(1):275-278. View abstract
  37. Ryzhakov G, West NR, Franchini F, Clare S, Ilott NE, Sansom SN, Bullers SJ, Pearson C, Costain A, Vaughan-Jackson A, Goettel JA, Ermann J, Horwitz BH, Buti L, Lu X, Mukhopadhyay S, Snapper SB, Powrie F. Alpha kinase 1 controls intestinal inflammation by suppressing the IL-12/Th1 axis. Nat Commun. 2018 09 18; 9(1):3797. View abstract
  38. Chandradevan R, Hofmekler T, Mondal K, Harun N, Venkateswaran S, Somineni HK, Ballengee CR, Kim MO, Griffiths A, Noe JD, Crandall WV, Snapper S, Rabizadeh S, Rosh JR, Walters TD, Bertha M, Dubinsky MC, Denson LA, Sauer CG, Markowitz JF, LeLeiko NS, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S. Evolution of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unclassified (IBD-U): Incorporated With Serological and Gene Expression Profiles. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 09 15; 24(10):2285-2290. View abstract
  39. Egg D, Schwab C, Gabrysch A, Arkwright PD, Cheesman E, Giulino-Roth L, Neth O, Snapper S, Okada S, Moutschen M, Delvenne P, Pecher AC, Wolff D, Kim YJ, Seneviratne S, Kim KM, Kang JM, Ojaimi S, McLean C, Warnatz K, Seidl M, Grimbacher B. Increased Risk for Malignancies in 131 Affected CTLA4 Mutation Carriers. Front Immunol. 2018; 9:2012. View abstract
  40. Keszei M, Record J, Kritikou JS, Wurzer H, Geyer C, Thiemann M, Drescher P, Brauner H, Köcher L, James J, He M, Baptista MA, Dahlberg CI, Biswas A, Lain S, Lane DP, Song W, Pütsep K, Vandenberghe P, Snapper SB, Westerberg LS. Constitutive activation of WASp in X-linked neutropenia renders neutrophils hyperactive. J Clin Invest. 2018 08 31; 128(9):4115-4131. View abstract
  41. Konnikova L, Boschetti G, Rahman A, Mitsialis V, Lord J, Richmond C, Tomov VT, Gordon W, Jelinsky S, Canavan J, Liss A, Wall S, Field M, Zhou F, Goldsmith JD, Bewtra M, Breault DT, Merad M, Snapper SB. High-dimensional immune phenotyping and transcriptional analyses reveal robust recovery of viable human immune and epithelial cells from frozen gastrointestinal tissue. Mucosal Immunol. 2018 11; 11(6):1684-1693. View abstract
  42. Haghighi A, Krier JB, Toth-Petroczy A, Cassa CA, Frank NY, Carmichael N, Fieg E, Bjonnes A, Mohanty A, Briere LC, Lincoln S, Lucia S, Gupta VA, Söylemez O, Sutti S, Kooshesh K, Qiu H, Fay CJ, Perroni V, Valerius J, Hanna M, Frank A, Ouahed J, Snapper SB, Pantazi A, Chopra SS, Leshchiner I, Stitziel NO, Feldweg A, Mannstadt M, Loscalzo J, Sweetser DA, Liao E, Stoler JM, Nowak CB, Sanchez-Lara PA, Klein OD, Perry H, Patsopoulos NA, Raychaudhuri S, Goessling W, Green RC, Seidman CE, MacRae CA, Sunyaev SR, Maas RL, Vuzman D. An integrated clinical program and crowdsourcing strategy for genomic sequencing and Mendelian disease gene discovery. NPJ Genom Med. 2018; 3:21. View abstract
  43. Li K, Strauss R, Ouahed J, Chan D, Telesco SE, Shouval DS, Canavan JB, Brodmerkel C, Snapper SB, Friedman JR. Molecular Comparison of Adult and Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Indicates Broad Similarity of Molecular Pathways in Disease Tissue. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 07; 67(1):45-52. View abstract
  44. Shouval DS, Kowalik M, Snapper SB. The Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Patients with Selected Primary Immunodeficiencies. J Clin Immunol. 2018 07; 38(5):579-588. View abstract
  45. Morris HT, Fort L, Spence HJ, Patel R, Vincent DF, Park JH, Snapper SB, Carey FA, Sansom OJ, Machesky LM. Loss of N-WASP drives early progression in an Apc model of intestinal tumourigenesis. J Pathol. 2018 07; 245(3):337-348. View abstract
  46. Chi LY, Zitomersky NL, Liu E, Tollefson S, Bender-Stern J, Naik S, Snapper S, Bousvaros A. The Impact of Combination Therapy on Infliximab Levels and Antibodies in Children and Young Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 05 18; 24(6):1344-1351. View abstract
  47. Schwab C, Gabrysch A, Olbrich P, Patiño V, Warnatz K, Wolff D, Hoshino A, Kobayashi M, Imai K, Takagi M, Dybedal I, Haddock JA, Sansom DM, Lucena JM, Seidl M, Schmitt-Graeff A, Reiser V, Emmerich F, Frede N, Bulashevska A, Salzer U, Schubert D, Hayakawa S, Okada S, Kanariou M, Kucuk ZY, Chapdelaine H, Petruzelkova L, Sumnik Z, Sediva A, Slatter M, Arkwright PD, Cant A, Lorenz HM, Giese T, Lougaris V, Plebani A, Price C, Sullivan KE, Moutschen M, Litzman J, Freiberger T, van de Veerdonk FL, Recher M, Albert MH, Hauck F, Seneviratne S, Pachlopnik Schmid J, Kolios A, Unglik G, Klemann C, Speckmann C, Ehl S, Leichtner A, Blumberg R, Franke A, Snapper S, Zeissig S, Cunningham-Rundles C, Giulino-Roth L, Elemento O, Dückers G, Niehues T, Fronkova E, Kanderová V, Platt CD, Chou J, Chatila TA, Geha R, McDermott E, Bunn S, Kurzai M, Schulz A, Alsina L, Casals F, Deyà-Martinez A, Hambleton S, Kanegane H, Taskén K, Neth O, Grimbacher B. Phenotype, penetrance, and treatment of 133 cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-insufficient subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 12; 142(6):1932-1946. View abstract
  48. Biswas A, Shouval DS, Griffith A, Goettel JA, Field M, Kang YH, Konnikova L, Janssen E, Redhu NS, Thrasher AJ, Chatila T, Kuchroo VK, Geha RS, Notarangelo LD, Pai SY, Horwitz BH, Snapper SB. WASP-mediated regulation of anti-inflammatory macrophages is IL-10 dependent and is critical for intestinal homeostasis. Nat Commun. 2018 05 03; 9(1):1779. View abstract
  49. Shaw KA, Cutler DJ, Okou D, Dodd A, Aronow BJ, Haberman Y, Stevens C, Walters TD, Griffiths A, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Hyams JS, Crandall WV, Kirschner BS, Heyman MB, Snapper S, Guthery S, Dubinsky MC, Shapiro JM, Otley AR, Daly M, Denson LA, Kugathasan S, Zwick ME. Genetic variants and pathways implicated in a pediatric inflammatory bowel disease cohort. Genes Immun. 2019 02; 20(2):131-142. View abstract
  50. Han L, Maciejewski M, Brockel C, Gordon W, Snapper SB, Korzenik JR, Afzelius L, Altman RB. A probabilistic pathway score (PROPS) for classification with applications to inflammatory bowel disease. Bioinformatics. 2018 03 15; 34(6):985-993. View abstract
  51. Vardi I, Barel O, Sperber M, Schvimer M, Nunberg M, Field M, Ouahed J, Marek-Yagel D, Werner L, Haberman Y, Lahad A, Anikster Y, Rechavi G, Barshack I, McElwee JJ, Maranville J, Somech R, Snapper SB, Weiss B, Shouval DS. Genetic and Structural Analysis of a SKIV2L Mutation Causing Tricho-hepato-enteric Syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 2018 05; 63(5):1192-1199. View abstract
  52. Kotlarz D, Marquardt B, Barøy T, Lee WS, Konnikova L, Hollizeck S, Magg T, Lehle AS, Walz C, Borggraefe I, Hauck F, Bufler P, Conca R, Wall SM, Schumacher EM, Misceo D, Frengen E, Bentsen BS, Uhlig HH, Hopfner KP, Muise AM, Snapper SB, Strømme P, Klein C. Human TGF-ß1 deficiency causes severe inflammatory bowel disease and encephalopathy. Nat Genet. 2018 03; 50(3):344-348. View abstract
  53. Denson LA, Jurickova I, Karns R, Shaw KA, Cutler DJ, Okou DT, Dodd A, Quinn K, Mondal K, Aronow BJ, Haberman Y, Linn A, Price A, Bezold R, Lake K, Jackson K, Walters TD, Griffiths A, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Hyams JS, Crandall WV, Kirschner BS, Heyman MB, Snapper S, Guthery SL, Dubinsky MC, Leleiko NS, Otley AR, Xavier RJ, Stevens C, Daly MJ, Zwick ME, Kugathasan S. Clinical and Genomic Correlates of Neutrophil Reactive Oxygen Species Production in Pediatric Patients With Crohn's Disease. Gastroenterology. 2018 06; 154(8):2097-2110. View abstract
  54. Haberman Y, BenShoshan M, Di Segni A, Dexheimer PJ, Braun T, Weiss B, Walters TD, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Markowitz J, Rosh J, Heyman MB, Griffiths AM, Crandall WV, Mack DR, Baker SS, Kellermayer R, Patel A, Otley A, Steiner SJ, Gulati AS, Guthery SL, LeLeiko N, Moulton D, Kirschner BS, Snapper S, Avivi C, Barshack I, Oliva-Hemker M, Cohen SA, Keljo DJ, Ziring D, Anikster Y, Aronow B, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S, Denson LA. Long ncRNA Landscape in the Ileum of Treatment-Naive Early-Onset Crohn Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 01 18; 24(2):346-360. View abstract
  55. Sallis BF, Erkert L, Moñino-Romero S, Acar U, Wu R, Konnikova L, Lexmond WS, Hamilton MJ, Dunn WA, Szepfalusi Z, Vanderhoof JA, Snapper SB, Turner JR, Goldsmith JD, Spencer LA, Nurko S, Fiebiger E. An algorithm for the classification of mRNA patterns in eosinophilic esophagitis: Integration of machine learning. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 04; 141(4):1354-1364.e9. View abstract
  56. Garber JJ, Mallick EM, Scanlon KM, Turner JR, Donnenberg MS, Leong JM, Snapper SB. Attaching-and-Effacing Pathogens Exploit Junction Regulatory Activities of N-WASP and SNX9 to Disrupt the Intestinal Barrier. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Mar; 5(3):273-288. View abstract
  57. Shouval DS, Konnikova L, Griffith AE, Wall SM, Biswas A, Werner L, Nunberg M, Kammermeier J, Goettel JA, Anand R, Chen H, Weiss B, Li J, Loizides A, Yerushalmi B, Yanagi T, Beier R, Conklin LS, Ebens CL, Santos FGMS, Sherlock M, Goldsmith JD, Kotlarz D, Glover SC, Shah N, Bousvaros A, Uhlig HH, Muise AM, Klein C, Snapper SB. Enhanced TH17 Responses in Patients with IL10 Receptor Deficiency and Infantile-onset IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 11; 23(11):1950-1961. View abstract
  58. Kuznetsov NV, Almuzzaini B, Kritikou JS, Baptista MAP, Oliveira MMS, Keszei M, Snapper SB, Percipalle P, Westerberg LS. Nuclear Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein co-regulates T cell factor 1-mediated transcription in T cells. Genome Med. 2017 10 27; 9(1):91. View abstract
  59. Lexmond WS, Goettel JA, Sallis BF, McCann K, Rings EHHM, Jensen-Jarolim E, Nurko S, Snapper SB, Fiebiger E. Spontaneous food allergy in Was-/- mice occurs independent of FceRI-mediated mast cell activation. Allergy. 2017 Dec; 72(12):1916-1924. View abstract
  60. Redhu NS, Bakthavatchalu V, Conaway EA, Shouval DS, Tsou A, Goettel JA, Biswas A, Wang C, Field M, Muller W, Bleich A, Li N, Gerber GK, Bry L, Fox JG, Snapper SB, Horwitz BH. Macrophage dysfunction initiates colitis during weaning of infant mice lacking the interleukin-10 receptor. Elife. 2017 07 05; 6. View abstract
  61. Ozen A, Comrie WA, Ardy RC, Domínguez Conde C, Dalgic B, Beser ÖF, Morawski AR, Karakoc-Aydiner E, Tutar E, Baris S, Ozcay F, Serwas NK, Zhang Y, Matthews HF, Pittaluga S, Folio LR, Unlusoy Aksu A, McElwee JJ, Krolo A, Kiykim A, Baris Z, Gulsan M, Ogulur I, Snapper SB, Houwen RHJ, Leavis HL, Ertem D, Kain R, Sari S, Erkan T, Su HC, Boztug K, Lenardo MJ. CD55 Deficiency, Early-Onset Protein-Losing Enteropathy, and Thrombosis. N Engl J Med. 2017 07 06; 377(1):52-61. View abstract
  62. Zitomersky NL, Demers M, Martinod K, Gallant M, Cifuni SM, Biswas A, Snapper S, Wagner DD. ADAMTS13 Deficiency Worsens Colitis and Exogenous ADAMTS13 Administration Decreases Colitis Severity in Mice. TH Open. 2017 Jun; 1(1):e11-e23. View abstract
  63. Sugimura R, Jha DK, Han A, Soria-Valles C, da Rocha EL, Lu YF, Goettel JA, Serrao E, Rowe RG, Malleshaiah M, Wong I, Sousa P, Zhu TN, Ditadi A, Keller G, Engelman AN, Snapper SB, Doulatov S, Daley GQ. Haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from human pluripotent stem cells. Nature. 2017 05 25; 545(7655):432-438. View abstract
  64. Ip WKE, Hoshi N, Shouval DS, Snapper S, Medzhitov R. Anti-inflammatory effect of IL-10 mediated by metabolic reprogramming of macrophages. Science. 2017 05 05; 356(6337):513-519. View abstract
  65. Kugathasan S, Denson LA, Walters TD, Kim MO, Marigorta UM, Schirmer M, Mondal K, Liu C, Griffiths A, Noe JD, Crandall WV, Snapper S, Rabizadeh S, Rosh JR, Shapiro JM, Guthery S, Mack DR, Kellermayer R, Kappelman MD, Steiner S, Moulton DE, Keljo D, Cohen S, Oliva-Hemker M, Heyman MB, Otley AR, Baker SS, Evans JS, Kirschner BS, Patel AS, Ziring D, Trapnell BC, Sylvester FA, Stephens MC, Baldassano RN, Markowitz JF, Cho J, Xavier RJ, Huttenhower C, Aronow BJ, Gibson G, Hyams JS, Dubinsky MC. Prediction of complicated disease course for children newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease: a multicentre inception cohort study. Lancet. 2017 04 29; 389(10080):1710-1718. View abstract
  66. Conaway EA, de Oliveira DC, McInnis CM, Snapper SB, Horwitz BH. Inhibition of Inflammatory Gene Transcription by IL-10 Is Associated with Rapid Suppression of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Enhancer Activation. J Immunol. 2017 04 01; 198(7):2906-2915. View abstract
  67. Li J, Shouval DS, Doty AL, Snapper SB, Glover SC. Erratum to: Increased Mucosal IL-22 Production of an IL-10RA Mutation Patient Following Anakinra Treatment Suggests Further Mechanism for Mucosal Healing. J Clin Immunol. 2017 02; 37(2):108. View abstract
  68. Mrakotsky C, Augustine DW, Watson C, Canavan J, Rivkin M, Snapper S. O-003 The Brain as Extraintestinal IBD Manifestation: Are Brain and Cognitive Differences in Pediatric Crohn's Disease Associated with Immune Gene Expression? Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Feb; 23 Suppl 1:S1-S2. View abstract
  69. Goettel J, Kotlarz D, Illig D, Canavan J, Allegretti J, Hamilton M, Kelly R, Griffith A, Carellas M, Nelina A, Bousvaros A, Korzenik J, Snapper S. O-011 Low-dose IL-2 Administration Expands Human Regulatory T Cells in Patients with UC and Humanized Mice and Protects Against Experimental Colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Feb; 23 Suppl 1:S4. View abstract
  70. Li J, Shouval D, Doty A, Snapper S, Glover S. P356 Treatment with anakinra induces T cell production of IL22 and GI mucosal healing in an IL-10RA mutation patient. J Crohns Colitis. 2017 Feb 01; 11(suppl_1):S258. View abstract
  71. Shouval D, Konnikova L, Werner L, Nunberg M, Weiss B, Glover S, Snapper S. DOP082 Enhanced TH17 responses in patients with IL10 receptor deficiency and history of infantile-onset IBD. J Crohns Colitis. 2017 Feb 01; 11(suppl_1):S75. View abstract
  72. Schoellhammer CM, Lauwers GY, Goettel JA, Oberli MA, Cleveland C, Park JY, Minahan D, Chen Y, Anderson DG, Jaklenec A, Snapper SB, Langer R, Traverso G. Ultrasound-Mediated Delivery of RNA to Colonic Mucosa of Live Mice. Gastroenterology. 2017 04; 152(5):1151-1160. View abstract
  73. Li J, Shouval DS, Doty AL, Snapper SB, Glover SC. Increased Mucosal IL-22 Production of an IL-10RA Mutation Patient Following Anakin Treatment Suggests Further Mechanism for Mucosal Healing. J Clin Immunol. 2017 02; 37(2):104-107. View abstract
  74. Poholek AC, Jankovic D, Villarino AV, Petermann F, Hettinga A, Shouval DS, Snapper SB, Kaech SM, Brooks SR, Vahedi G, Sher A, Kanno Y, O'Shea JJ. IL-10 induces a STAT3-dependent autoregulatory loop in TH2 cells that promotes Blimp-1 restriction of cell expansion via antagonism of STAT5 target genes. Sci Immunol. 2016 Oct; 1(5). View abstract
  75. Goettel JA, Gandhi R, Kenison JE, Yeste A, Murugaiyan G, Sambanthamoorthy S, Griffith AE, Patel B, Shouval DS, Weiner HL, Snapper SB, Quintana FJ. AHR Activation Is Protective against Colitis Driven by T Cells in Humanized Mice. Cell Rep. 2016 10 25; 17(5):1318-1329. View abstract
  76. Nelms BD, Waldron L, Barrera LA, Weflen AW, Goettel JA, Guo G, Montgomery RK, Neutra MR, Breault DT, Snapper SB, Orkin SH, Bulyk ML, Huttenhower C, Lencer WI. CellMapper: rapid and accurate inference of gene expression in difficult-to-isolate cell types. Genome Biol. 2016 09 29; 17(1):201. View abstract
  77. Shouval DS, Biswas A, Kang YH, Griffith AE, Konnikova L, Mascanfroni ID, Redhu NS, Frei SM, Field M, Doty AL, Goldsmith JD, Bhan AK, Loizides A, Weiss B, Yerushalmi B, Yanagi T, Lui X, Quintana FJ, Muise AM, Klein C, Horwitz BH, Glover SC, Bousvaros A, Snapper SB. Interleukin 1ß Mediates Intestinal Inflammation in Mice and Patients With Interleukin 10 Receptor Deficiency. Gastroenterology. 2016 12; 151(6):1100-1104. View abstract
  78. Lexmond WS, Goettel JA, Lyons JJ, Jacobse J, Deken MM, Lawrence MG, DiMaggio TH, Kotlarz D, Garabedian E, Sackstein P, Nelson CC, Jones N, Stone KD, Candotti F, Rings EH, Thrasher AJ, Milner JD, Snapper SB, Fiebiger E. FOXP3+ Tregs require WASP to restrain Th2-mediated food allergy. J Clin Invest. 2016 10 03; 126(10):4030-4044. View abstract
  79. Baptista MA, Keszei M, Oliveira M, Sunahara KK, Andersson J, Dahlberg CI, Worth AJ, Liedén A, Kuo IC, Wallin RP, Snapper SB, Eidsmo L, Scheynius A, Karlsson MC, Bouma G, Burns SO, Forsell MN, Thrasher AJ, Nylén S, Westerberg LS. Deletion of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein triggers Rac2 activity and increased cross-presentation by dendritic cells. Nat Commun. 2016 07 18; 7:12175. View abstract
  80. Wang ZB, Ma XS, Hu MW, Jiang ZZ, Meng TG, Dong MZ, Fan LH, Ouyang YC, Snapper SB, Schatten H, Sun QY. Oocyte-specific deletion of N-WASP does not affect oocyte polarity, but causes failure of meiosis II completion. Mol Hum Reprod. 2016 09; 22(9):613-21. View abstract
  81. Shouval DS, Ebens CL, Murchie R, McCann K, Rabah R, Klein C, Muise AM, Snapper SB. Large B-Cell Lymphoma in an Adolescent Patient With Interleukin-10 Receptor Deficiency and History of Infantile Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 07; 63(1):e15-7. View abstract
  82. Wagener BM, Hu M, Zheng A, Zhao X, Che P, Brandon A, Anjum N, Snapper S, Creighton J, Guan JL, Han Q, Cai GQ, Han X, Pittet JF, Ding Q. Neuronal Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein regulates TGF-ß1-mediated lung vascular permeability. FASEB J. 2016 07; 30(7):2557-69. View abstract
  83. Mrakotsky C, Anand R, Watson C, Vu C, Matos A, Friel S, Rivkin M, Snapper S. O-018 New Evidence for Structural Brain Differences in Pediatric Crohn's Disease: Impact of Underlying Disease Factors. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22 Suppl 1:S6-7. View abstract
  84. Redhu N, Shouval D, Bakthavatchalu V, Wang C, Conaway E, Goettel J, Mack M, Bleich A, Bry L, Fox J, Snapper S, Horwitz B. O-005 YI Microbiota Drives Inflammation by Altering Intestinal Lamina Propria Macrophage Phenotype in a Novel IL10R-Deficient Model of Very Early Onset IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22 Suppl 1:S2-3. View abstract
  85. Koroleva E, Muraoka W, Spencer C, Gubernatorova E, Halperin S, Snapper S, Tumanov A. O-009 Lymphotoxin Links Microbiota and Group 3 Innate Lymphoid Cells to Protect Against Intestinal Inflammation. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22 Suppl 1:S3-4. View abstract
  86. Biswas A, Shouval D, Goettel J, Field M, Griffith A, Pai SY, Notarangelo L, Geha R, Snapper S. O-008 Aberrant Anti-inflammatory Macrophage Function and Differentiation in Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein-Deficient Mice and Humans. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22 Suppl 1:S3. View abstract
  87. Li Q, Lee CH, Peters LA, Mastropaolo LA, Thoeni C, Elkadri A, Schwerd T, Zhu J, Zhang B, Zhao Y, Hao K, Dinarzo A, Hoffman G, Kidd BA, Murchie R, Al Adham Z, Guo C, Kotlarz D, Cutz E, Walters TD, Shouval DS, Curran M, Dobrin R, Brodmerkel C, Snapper SB, Klein C, Brumell JH, Hu M, Nanan R, Snanter-Nanan B, Wong M, Le Deist F, Haddad E, Roifman CM, Deslandres C, Griffiths AM, Gaskin KJ, Uhlig HH, Schadt EE, Muise AM. Variants in TRIM22 That Affect NOD2 Signaling Are Associated With Very-Early-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology. 2016 05; 150(5):1196-1207. View abstract
  88. Yanagi T, Mizuochi T, Takaki Y, Eda K, Mitsuyama K, Ishimura M, Takada H, Shouval DS, Griffith AE, Snapper SB, Yamashita Y, Yamamoto K. Novel exonic mutation inducing aberrant splicing in the IL10RA gene and resulting in infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease: a case report. BMC Gastroenterol. 2016 Jan 28; 16:10. View abstract
  89. Volpi S, Santori E, Abernethy K, Mizui M, Dahlberg CI, Recher M, Capuder K, Csizmadia E, Ryan D, Mathew D, Tsokos GC, Snapper S, Westerberg LS, Thrasher AJ, Candotti F, Notarangelo LD. N-WASP is required for B-cell-mediated autoimmunity in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. Blood. 2016 Jan 14; 127(2):216-20. View abstract
  90. Hayes P, Dhillon S, O'Neill K, Thoeni C, Hui KY, Elkadri A, Guo CH, Kovacic L, Aviello G, Alvarez LA, Griffiths AM, Snapper SB, Brant SR, Doroshow JH, Silverberg MS, Peter I, McGovern DP, Cho J, Brumell JH, Uhlig HH, Bourke B, Muise AA, Knaus UG. Defects in NADPH Oxidase Genes NOX1 and DUOX2 in Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Sep 01; 1(5):489-502. View abstract
  91. Sefik E, Geva-Zatorsky N, Oh S, Konnikova L, Zemmour D, McGuire AM, Burzyn D, Ortiz-Lopez A, Lobera M, Yang J, Ghosh S, Earl A, Snapper SB, Jupp R, Kasper D, Mathis D, Benoist C. MUCOSAL IMMUNOLOGY. Individual intestinal symbionts induce a distinct population of ROR?? regulatory T cells. Science. 2015 Aug 28; 349(6251):993-7. View abstract
  92. Snapper SB. Very-Early-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2015 Aug; 11(8):554-6. View abstract
  93. Dahlberg CI, Torres ML, Petersen SH, Baptista MA, Keszei M, Volpi S, Grasset EK, Karlsson MC, Walter JE, Snapper SB, Notarangelo LD, Westerberg LS. Deletion of WASp and N-WASp in B cells cripples the germinal center response and results in production of IgM autoantibodies. J Autoimmun. 2015 Aug; 62:81-92. View abstract
  94. Moran CJ, Klein C, Muise AM, Snapper SB. Very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease: gaining insight through focused discovery. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 May; 21(5):1166-75. View abstract
  95. Goettel JA, Biswas S, Lexmond WS, Yeste A, Passerini L, Patel B, Yang S, Sun J, Ouahed J, Shouval DS, McCann KJ, Horwitz BH, Mathis D, Milford EL, Notarangelo LD, Roncarolo MG, Fiebiger E, Marasco WA, Bacchetta R, Quintana FJ, Pai SY, Klein C, Muise AM, Snapper SB. Fatal autoimmunity in mice reconstituted with human hematopoietic stem cells encoding defective FOXP3. Blood. 2015 Jun 18; 125(25):3886-95. View abstract
  96. Uhlig HH, Schwerd T, Koletzko S, Shah N, Kammermeier J, Elkadri A, Ouahed J, Wilson DC, Travis SP, Turner D, Klein C, Snapper SB, Muise AM. The diagnostic approach to monogenic very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2014 Nov; 147(5):990-1007.e3. View abstract
  97. Wurbel MA, Le Bras S, Ibourk M, Pardo M, McIntire MG, Coco D, Geha RS, Fiebiger E, Snapper SB. CCL25/CCR9 interactions are not essential for colitis development but are required for innate immune cell protection from chronic experimental murine colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Jul; 20(7):1165-76. View abstract
  98. Xiao X, Mruk DD, Tang EI, Massarwa R, Mok KW, Li N, Wong CK, Lee WM, Snapper SB, Shilo BZ, Schejter ED, Cheng CY. N-wasp is required for structural integrity of the blood-testis barrier. PLoS Genet. 2014 Jun; 10(6):e1004447. View abstract
  99. Benchimol EI, Mack DR, Nguyen GC, Snapper SB, Li W, Mojaverian N, Quach P, Muise AM. Incidence, outcomes, and health services burden of very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2014 Oct; 147(4):803-813.e7; quiz e14-5. View abstract
  100. Dhillon SS, Fattouh R, Elkadri A, Xu W, Murchie R, Walters T, Guo C, Mack D, Huynh HQ, Baksh S, Silverberg MS, Griffiths AM, Snapper SB, Brumell JH, Muise AM. Variants in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase complex components determine susceptibility to very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2014 Sep; 147(3):680-689.e2. View abstract
  101. Mallick EM, Garber JJ, Vanguri VK, Balasubramanian S, Blood T, Clark S, Vingadassalom D, Louissaint C, McCormick B, Snapper SB, Leong JM. The ability of an attaching and effacing pathogen to trigger localized actin assembly contributes to virulence by promoting mucosal attachment. Cell Microbiol. 2014 Sep; 16(9):1405-24. View abstract
  102. Shouval DS, Biswas A, Goettel JA, McCann K, Conaway E, Redhu NS, Mascanfroni ID, Al Adham Z, Lavoie S, Ibourk M, Nguyen DD, Samsom JN, Escher JC, Somech R, Weiss B, Beier R, Conklin LS, Ebens CL, Santos FG, Ferreira AR, Sherlock M, Bhan AK, Müller W, Mora JR, Quintana FJ, Klein C, Muise AM, Horwitz BH, Snapper SB. Interleukin-10 receptor signaling in innate immune cells regulates mucosal immune tolerance and anti-inflammatory macrophage function. Immunity. 2014 May 15; 40(5):706-19. View abstract
  103. Olszak T, Neves JF, Dowds CM, Baker K, Glickman J, Davidson NO, Lin CS, Jobin C, Brand S, Sotlar K, Wada K, Katayama K, Nakajima A, Mizuguchi H, Kawasaki K, Nagata K, Müller W, Snapper SB, Schreiber S, Kaser A, Zeissig S, Blumberg RS. Protective mucosal immunity mediated by epithelial CD1d and IL-10. Nature. 2014 May 22; 509(7501):497-502. View abstract
  104. Murugan D, Albert MH, Langemeier J, Bohne J, Puchalka J, Järvinen PM, Hauck F, Klenk AK, Prell C, Schatz S, Diestelhorst J, Sciskala B, Kohistani N, Belohradsky BH, Müller S, Kirchner T, Walter MR, Bufler P, Muise AM, Snapper SB, Koletzko S, Klein C, Kotlarz D. Very early onset inflammatory bowel disease associated with aberrant trafficking of IL-10R1 and cure by T cell replete haploidentical bone marrow transplantation. J Clin Immunol. 2014 Apr; 34(3):331-9. View abstract
  105. Dhillon SS, Mastropaolo LA, Murchie R, Griffiths C, Thöni C, Elkadri A, Xu W, Mack A, Walters T, Guo C, Mack D, Huynh H, Baksh S, Silverberg MS, Brumell JH, Snapper SB, Muise AM. Higher activity of the inducible nitric oxide synthase contributes to very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2014 Jan 16; 5:e46. View abstract
  106. Avitzur Y, Guo C, Mastropaolo LA, Bahrami E, Chen H, Zhao Z, Elkadri A, Dhillon S, Murchie R, Fattouh R, Huynh H, Walker JL, Wales PW, Cutz E, Kakuta Y, Dudley J, Kammermeier J, Powrie F, Shah N, Walz C, Nathrath M, Kotlarz D, Puchaka J, Krieger JR, Racek T, Kirchner T, Walters TD, Brumell JH, Griffiths AM, Rezaei N, Rashtian P, Najafi M, Monajemzadeh M, Pelsue S, McGovern DP, Uhlig HH, Schadt E, Klein C, Snapper SB, Muise AM. Mutations in tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A result in a severe form of very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2014 Apr; 146(4):1028-39. View abstract
  107. Shouval DS, Ouahed J, Biswas A, Goettel JA, Horwitz BH, Klein C, Muise AM, Snapper SB. Interleukin 10 receptor signaling: master regulator of intestinal mucosal homeostasis in mice and humans. Adv Immunol. 2014; 122:177-210. View abstract
  108. Liu C, Bai X, Wu J, Sharma S, Upadhyaya A, Dahlberg CI, Westerberg LS, Snapper SB, Zhao X, Song W. N-wasp is essential for the negative regulation of B cell receptor signaling. PLoS Biol. 2013 Nov; 11(11):e1001704. View abstract
  109. Nguyen DD, Muthupalani S, Goettel JA, Eston MA, Mobley M, Taylor NS, McCabe A, Marin R, Snapper SB, Fox JG. Colitis and colon cancer in WASP-deficient mice require helicobacter species. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Sep; 19(10):2041-50. View abstract
  110. Lexmond WS, Pardo M, Rooney K, Goettel JA, Snapper SB, Yen EH, Dehlink E, Nurko S, Fiebiger E. Elevated levels of leukotriene C4 synthase mRNA distinguish a subpopulation of eosinophilic oesophagitis patients. Clin Exp Allergy. 2013 Aug; 43(8):902-13. View abstract
  111. Zitomersky NL, Atkinson BJ, Franklin SW, Mitchell PD, Snapper SB, Comstock LE, Bousvaros A. Characterization of adherent bacteroidales from intestinal biopsies of children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e63686. View abstract
  112. Schell C, Baumhakl L, Salou S, Conzelmann AC, Meyer C, Helmstädter M, Wrede C, Grahammer F, Eimer S, Kerjaschki D, Walz G, Snapper S, Huber TB. N-wasp is required for stabilization of podocyte foot processes. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Apr; 24(5):713-21. View abstract
  113. Moran CJ, Walters TD, Guo CH, Kugathasan S, Klein C, Turner D, Wolters VM, Bandsma RH, Mouzaki M, Zachos M, Langer JC, Cutz E, Benseler SM, Roifman CM, Silverberg MS, Griffiths AM, Snapper SB, Muise AM. IL-10R polymorphisms are associated with very-early-onset ulcerative colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Jan; 19(1):115-23. View abstract
  114. Garber JJ, Takeshima F, Antón IM, Oyoshi MK, Lyubimova A, Kapoor A, Shibata T, Chen F, Alt FW, Geha RS, Leong JM, Snapper SB. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and vaccinia virus do not require the family of WASP-interacting proteins for pathogen-induced actin assembly. Infect Immun. 2012 Dec; 80(12):4071-7. View abstract
  115. Kumar S, Xu J, Perkins C, Guo F, Snapper S, Finkelman FD, Zheng Y, Filippi MD. Cdc42 regulates neutrophil migration via crosstalk between WASp, CD11b, and microtubules. Blood. 2012 Oct 25; 120(17):3563-74. View abstract
  116. Gruenbaum-Cohen Y, Harel I, Umansky KB, Tzahor E, Snapper SB, Shilo BZ, Schejter ED. The actin regulator N-WASp is required for muscle-cell fusion in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 10; 109(28):11211-6. View abstract
  117. Muise AM, Snapper SB, Kugathasan S. The age of gene discovery in very early onset inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2012 Aug; 143(2):285-8. View abstract
  118. Nguyen DD, Wurbel MA, Goettel JA, Eston MA, Ahmed OS, Marin R, Boden EK, Villablanca EJ, Paidassi H, Ahuja V, Reinecker HC, Fiebiger E, Lacy-Hulbert A, Horwitz BH, Mora JR, Snapper SB. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein deficiency in innate immune cells leads to mucosal immune dysregulation and colitis in mice. Gastroenterology. 2012 Sep; 143(3):719-729.e2. View abstract
  119. Morgan XC, Tickle TL, Sokol H, Gevers D, Devaney KL, Ward DV, Reyes JA, Shah SA, LeLeiko N, Snapper SB, Bousvaros A, Korzenik J, Sands BE, Xavier RJ, Huttenhower C. Dysfunction of the intestinal microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease and treatment. Genome Biol. 2012 Apr 16; 13(9):R79. View abstract
  120. Westerberg LS, Dahlberg C, Baptista M, Moran CJ, Detre C, Keszei M, Eston MA, Alt FW, Terhorst C, Notarangelo LD, Snapper SB. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and N-WASP are critical for peripheral B-cell development and function. Blood. 2012 Apr 26; 119(17):3966-74. View abstract
  121. Recher M, Burns SO, de la Fuente MA, Volpi S, Dahlberg C, Walter JE, Moffitt K, Mathew D, Honke N, Lang PA, Patrizi L, Falet H, Keszei M, Mizui M, Csizmadia E, Candotti F, Nadeau K, Bouma G, Delmonte OM, Frugoni F, Fomin AB, Buchbinder D, Lundequist EM, Massaad MJ, Tsokos GC, Hartwig J, Manis J, Terhorst C, Geha RS, Snapper S, Lang KS, Malley R, Westerberg L, Thrasher AJ, Notarangelo LD. B cell-intrinsic deficiency of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) causes severe abnormalities of the peripheral B-cell compartment in mice. Blood. 2012 Mar 22; 119(12):2819-28. View abstract
  122. Hamilton MJ, Snapper SB, Blumberg RS. Update on biologic pathways in inflammatory bowel disease and their therapeutic relevance. J Gastroenterol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):1-8. View abstract
  123. Cassani B, Villablanca EJ, Quintana FJ, Love PE, Lacy-Hulbert A, Blaner WS, Sparwasser T, Snapper SB, Weiner HL, Mora JR. Gut-tropic T cells that express integrin a4ß7 and CCR9 are required for induction of oral immune tolerance in mice. Gastroenterology. 2011 Dec; 141(6):2109-18. View abstract
  124. Li A, Ma Y, Yu X, Mort RL, Lindsay CR, Stevenson D, Strathdee D, Insall RH, Chernoff J, Snapper SB, Jackson IJ, Larue L, Sansom OJ, Machesky LM. Rac1 drives melanoblast organization during mouse development by orchestrating pseudopod- driven motility and cell-cycle progression. Dev Cell. 2011 Oct 18; 21(4):722-34. View abstract
  125. Rotkopf S, Hamberg Y, Aigaki T, Snapper SB, Shilo BZ, Schejter ED. The WASp-based actin polymerization machinery is required in somatic support cells for spermatid maturation and release. Development. 2011 Jul; 138(13):2729-39. View abstract
  126. Wang S, Villablanca EJ, De Calisto J, Gomes DC, Nguyen DD, Mizoguchi E, Kagan JC, Reinecker HC, Hacohen N, Nagler C, Xavier RJ, Rossi-Bergmann B, Chen YB, Blomhoff R, Snapper SB, Mora JR. MyD88-dependent TLR1/2 signals educate dendritic cells with gut-specific imprinting properties. J Immunol. 2011 Jul 01; 187(1):141-50. View abstract
  127. Ramasamy S, Nguyen DD, Eston MA, Alam SN, Moss AK, Ebrahimi F, Biswas B, Mostafa G, Chen KT, Kaliannan K, Yammine H, Narisawa S, Millán JL, Warren HS, Hohmann EL, Mizoguchi E, Reinecker HC, Bhan AK, Snapper SB, Malo MS, Hodin RA. Intestinal alkaline phosphatase has beneficial effects in mouse models of chronic colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Feb; 17(2):532-42. View abstract
  128. Novak N, Bar V, Sabanay H, Frechter S, Jaegle M, Snapper SB, Meijer D, Peles E. N-WASP is required for membrane wrapping and myelination by Schwann cells. J Cell Biol. 2011 Jan 24; 192(2):243-50. View abstract
  129. Vingadassalom D, Campellone KG, Brady MJ, Skehan B, Battle SE, Robbins D, Kapoor A, Hecht G, Snapper SB, Leong JM. Enterohemorrhagic E. coli requires N-WASP for efficient type III translocation but not for EspFU-mediated actin pedestal formation. PLoS Pathog. 2010 Aug 19; 6(8):e1001056. View abstract
  130. Westerberg LS, Meelu P, Baptista M, Eston MA, Adamovich DA, Cotta-de-Almeida V, Seed B, Rosen MK, Vandenberghe P, Thrasher AJ, Klein C, Alt FW, Snapper SB. Activating WASP mutations associated with X-linked neutropenia result in enhanced actin polymerization, altered cytoskeletal responses, and genomic instability in lymphocytes. J Exp Med. 2010 Jun 07; 207(6):1145-52. View abstract
  131. Lyubimova A, Garber JJ, Upadhyay G, Sharov A, Anastasoaie F, Yajnik V, Cotsarelis G, Dotto GP, Botchkarev V, Snapper SB. Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein modulates Wnt signaling and is required for hair follicle cycling in mice. J Clin Invest. 2010 Feb; 120(2):446-56. View abstract
  132. Glocker EO, Kotlarz D, Boztug K, Gertz EM, Schäffer AA, Noyan F, Perro M, Diestelhorst J, Allroth A, Murugan D, Hätscher N, Pfeifer D, Sykora KW, Sauer M, Kreipe H, Lacher M, Nustede R, Woellner C, Baumann U, Salzer U, Koletzko S, Shah N, Segal AW, Sauerbrey A, Buderus S, Snapper SB, Grimbacher B, Klein C. Inflammatory bowel disease and mutations affecting the interleukin-10 receptor. N Engl J Med. 2009 Nov 19; 361(21):2033-45. View abstract
  133. Blundell MP, Bouma G, Metelo J, Worth A, Calle Y, Cowell LA, Westerberg LS, Moulding DA, Mirando S, Kinnon C, Cory GO, Jones GE, Snapper SB, Burns SO, Thrasher AJ. Phosphorylation of WASp is a key regulator of activity and stability in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Sep 15; 106(37):15738-43. View abstract
  134. Matharu KS, Mizoguchi E, Cotoner CA, Nguyen DD, Mingle B, Iweala OI, McBee ME, Stefka AT, Prioult G, Haigis KM, Bhan AK, Snapper SB, Murakami H, Schauer DB, Reinecker HC, Mizoguchi A, Nagler CR. Toll-like receptor 4-mediated regulation of spontaneous Helicobacter-dependent colitis in IL-10-deficient mice. Gastroenterology. 2009 Oct; 137(4):1380-90.e1-3. View abstract
  135. Adamovich DA, Nakamura F, Worth A, Burns S, Thrasher AJ, Hartwig JH, Snapper SB. Activating mutations of N-WASP alter Shigella pathogenesis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Jul 03; 384(3):284-9. View abstract
  136. Nguyen DD, Snapper SB. Targeting Smads to restore transforming growth factor-beta signaling and regulatory T-cell function in inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2009 Apr; 136(4):1161-4. View abstract
  137. Westerberg LS, Klein C, Snapper SB. Breakdown of T cell tolerance and autoimmunity in primary immunodeficiency--lessons learned from monogenic disorders in mice and men. Curr Opin Immunol. 2008 Dec; 20(6):646-54. View abstract
  138. Boden EK, Snapper SB. Regulatory T cells in inflammatory bowel disease. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2008 Nov; 24(6):733-41. View abstract
  139. Westerberg LS, de la Fuente MA, Wermeling F, Ochs HD, Karlsson MC, Snapper SB, Notarangelo LD. WASP confers selective advantage for specific hematopoietic cell populations and serves a unique role in marginal zone B-cell homeostasis and function. Blood. 2008 Nov 15; 112(10):4139-47. View abstract
  140. Stenson WF, Snapper SB. Challenges in IBD research: Assessing progress and rethinking the research agenda. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2008 May; 14(5):687-708. View abstract
  141. Zou Z, Horowitz LF, Montmayeur JP, Snapper S, Buck LB. Genetic tracing reveals a stereotyped sensory map in the olfactory cortex. Nature. 2008 Mar 06; 452(7183):120. View abstract
  142. Cotta-de-Almeida V, Westerberg L, Maillard MH, Onaldi D, Wachtel H, Meelu P, Chung UI, Xavier R, Alt FW, Snapper SB. Wiskott Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and N-WASP are critical for T cell development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Sep 25; 104(39):15424-9. View abstract
  143. Maillard MH, Snapper SB. Teaching tolerance with a probiotic antigen delivery system. Gastroenterology. 2007 Aug; 133(2):706-9. View abstract
  144. Nguyen DD, Maillard MH, Cotta-de-Almeida V, Mizoguchi E, Klein C, Fuss I, Nagler C, Mizoguchi A, Bhan AK, Snapper SB. Lymphocyte-dependent and Th2 cytokine-associated colitis in mice deficient in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein. Gastroenterology. 2007 Oct; 133(4):1188-97. View abstract
  145. Maillard MH, Cotta-de-Almeida V, Takeshima F, Nguyen DD, Michetti P, Nagler C, Bhan AK, Snapper SB. The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein is required for the function of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells. J Exp Med. 2007 Feb 19; 204(2):381-91. View abstract
  146. Dewey RA, Avedillo Díez I, Ballmaier M, Filipovich A, Greil J, Güngör T, Happel C, Maschan A, Noyan F, Pannicke U, Schwarz K, Snapper S, Welte K, Klein C. Retroviral WASP gene transfer into human hematopoietic stem cells reconstitutes the actin cytoskeleton in myeloid progeny cells differentiated in vitro. Exp Hematol. 2006 Sep; 34(9):1161-9. View abstract
  147. Liu E, Sinha S, Williams C, Cyrille M, Heller E, Snapper SB, Georgopoulos K, St-Arnaud R, Force T, Dedhar S, Gerszten RE. Targeted deletion of integrin-linked kinase reveals a role in T-cell chemotaxis and survival. Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Dec; 25(24):11145-55. View abstract
  148. Solomon S, Rajasekaran N, Jeisy-Walder E, Snapper SB, Illges H. A crucial role for macrophages in the pathology of K/B x N serum-induced arthritis. Eur J Immunol. 2005 Oct; 35(10):3064-73. View abstract
  149. Stamm LM, Pak MA, Morisaki JH, Snapper SB, Rottner K, Lommel S, Brown EJ. Role of the WASP family proteins for Mycobacterium marinum actin tail formation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Oct 11; 102(41):14837-42. View abstract
  150. Gallego MD, de la Fuente MA, Anton IM, Snapper S, Fuhlbrigge R, Geha RS. WIP and WASP play complementary roles in T cell homing and chemotaxis to SDF-1alpha. Int Immunol. 2006 Feb; 18(2):221-32. View abstract
  151. Snapper SB, Meelu P, Nguyen D, Stockton BM, Bozza P, Alt FW, Rosen FS, von Andrian UH, Klein C. WASP deficiency leads to global defects of directed leukocyte migration in vitro and in vivo. J Leukoc Biol. 2005 Jun; 77(6):993-8. View abstract
  152. Manchanda N, Lyubimova A, Ho HY, James MF, Gusella JF, Ramesh N, Snapper SB, Ramesh V. The NF2 tumor suppressor Merlin and the ERM proteins interact with N-WASP and regulate its actin polymerization function. J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 01; 280(13):12517-22. View abstract
  153. Papayannopoulos V, Co C, Prehoda KE, Snapper S, Taunton J, Lim WA. A polybasic motif allows N-WASP to act as a sensor of PIP(2) density. Mol Cell. 2005 Jan 21; 17(2):181-91. View abstract
  154. Kowalski JR, Egile C, Gil S, Snapper SB, Li R, Thomas SM. Cortactin regulates cell migration through activation of N-WASP. J Cell Sci. 2005 Jan 01; 118(Pt 1):79-87. View abstract
  155. Hokama A, Mizoguchi E, Sugimoto K, Shimomura Y, Tanaka Y, Yoshida M, Rietdijk ST, de Jong YP, Snapper SB, Terhorst C, Blumberg RS, Mizoguchi A. Induced reactivity of intestinal CD4(+) T cells with an epithelial cell lectin, galectin-4, contributes to exacerbation of intestinal inflammation. Immunity. 2004 Jun; 20(6):681-93. View abstract
  156. Ally S, Sauer NJ, Loureiro JJ, Snapper SB, Gertler FB, Goldberg MB. Shigella interactions with the actin cytoskeleton in the absence of Ena/VASP family proteins. Cell Microbiol. 2004 Apr; 6(4):355-66. View abstract
  157. Rivera GM, Briceño CA, Takeshima F, Snapper SB, Mayer BJ. Inducible clustering of membrane-targeted SH3 domains of the adaptor protein Nck triggers localized actin polymerization. Curr Biol. 2004 Jan 06; 14(1):11-22. View abstract
  158. Exley MA, Bigley NJ, Cheng O, Shaulov A, Tahir SM, Carter QL, Garcia J, Wang C, Patten K, Stills HF, Alt FW, Snapper SB, Balk SP. Innate immune response to encephalomyocarditis virus infection mediated by CD1d. Immunology. 2003 Dec; 110(4):519-26. View abstract
  159. Pivniouk VI, Snapper SB, Kettner A, Alenius H, Laouini D, Falet H, Hartwig J, Alt FW, Geha RS. Impaired signaling via the high-affinity IgE receptor in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-deficient mast cells. Int Immunol. 2003 Dec; 15(12):1431-40. View abstract
  160. Cotta-de-Almeida V, Schonhoff S, Shibata T, Leiter A, Snapper SB. A new method for rapidly generating gene-targeting vectors by engineering BACs through homologous recombination in bacteria. Genome Res. 2003 Sep; 13(9):2190-4. View abstract
  161. Yan C, Martinez-Quiles N, Eden S, Shibata T, Takeshima F, Shinkura R, Fujiwara Y, Bronson R, Snapper SB, Kirschner MW, Geha R, Rosen FS, Alt FW. WAVE2 deficiency reveals distinct roles in embryogenesis and Rac-mediated actin-based motility. EMBO J. 2003 Jul 15; 22(14):3602-12. View abstract
  162. Lacout C, Haddad E, Sabri S, Svinarchouk F, Garçon L, Capron C, Foudi A, Mzali R, Snapper SB, Louache F, Vainchenker W, Duménil D. A defect in hematopoietic stem cell migration explains the nonrandom X-chromosome inactivation in carriers of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. Blood. 2003 Aug 15; 102(4):1282-9. View abstract
  163. Snapper SB, Rosen FS. A family of WASPs. N Engl J Med. 2003 Jan 23; 348(4):350-1. View abstract
  164. Klein C, Nguyen D, Liu CH, Mizoguchi A, Bhan AK, Miki H, Takenawa T, Rosen FS, Alt FW, Mulligan RC, Snapper SB. Gene therapy for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: rescue of T-cell signaling and amelioration of colitis upon transplantation of retrovirally transduced hematopoietic stem cells in mice. Blood. 2003 Mar 15; 101(6):2159-66. View abstract
  165. Krawczyk C, Oliveira-dos-Santos A, Sasaki T, Griffiths E, Ohashi PS, Snapper S, Alt F, Penninger JM. Vav1 controls integrin clustering and MHC/peptide-specific cell adhesion to antigen-presenting cells. Immunity. 2002 Mar; 16(3):331-43. View abstract
  166. Shibata T, Takeshima F, Chen F, Alt FW, Snapper SB. Cdc42 facilitates invasion but not the actin-based motility of Shigella. Curr Biol. 2002 Feb 19; 12(4):341-5. View abstract
  167. Zou Z, Horowitz LF, Montmayeur JP, Snapper S, Buck LB. Genetic tracing reveals a stereotyped sensory map in the olfactory cortex. Nature. 2001 Nov 08; 414(6860):173-9. View abstract
  168. Alrutz MA, Srivastava A, Wong KW, D'Souza-Schorey C, Tang M, Ch'Ng LE, Snapper SB, Isberg RR. Efficient uptake of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis via integrin receptors involves a Rac1-Arp 2/3 pathway that bypasses N-WASP function. Mol Microbiol. 2001 Nov; 42(3):689-703. View abstract
  169. Snapper SB, Takeshima F, Antón I, Liu CH, Thomas SM, Nguyen D, Dudley D, Fraser H, Purich D, Lopez-Ilasaca M, Klein C, Davidson L, Bronson R, Mulligan RC, Southwick F, Geha R, Goldberg MB, Rosen FS, Hartwig JH, Alt FW. N-WASP deficiency reveals distinct pathways for cell surface projections and microbial actin-based motility. Nat Cell Biol. 2001 Oct; 3(10):897-904. View abstract
  170. Westerberg L, Greicius G, Snapper SB, Aspenström P, Severinson E. Cdc42, Rac1, and the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein are involved in the cytoskeletal regulation of B lymphocytes. Blood. 2001 Aug 15; 98(4):1086-94. View abstract
  171. Dao T, Exley M, Mehal WZ, Tahir SM, Snapper S, Taniguchi M, Balk SP, Crispe IN. Involvement of CD1 in peripheral deletion of T lymphocytes is independent of NK T cells. J Immunol. 2001 Mar 01; 166(5):3090-7. View abstract
  172. Krawczyk C, Bachmaier K, Sasaki T, Jones RG, Snapper SB, Bouchard D, Kozieradzki I, Ohashi PS, Alt FW, Penninger JM. Cbl-b is a negative regulator of receptor clustering and raft aggregation in T cells. Immunity. 2000 Oct; 13(4):463-73. View abstract
  173. Saubermann LJ, Beck P, De Jong YP, Pitman RS, Ryan MS, Kim HS, Exley M, Snapper S, Balk SP, Hagen SJ, Kanauchi O, Motoki K, Sakai T, Terhorst C, Koezuka Y, Podolsky DK, Blumberg RS. Activation of natural killer T cells by alpha-galactosylceramide in the presence of CD1d provides protection against colitis in mice. Gastroenterology. 2000 Jul; 119(1):119-28. View abstract
  174. Bauch A, Alt FW, Crabtree GR, Snapper SB. The cytoskeleton in lymphocyte signaling. Adv Immunol. 2000; 75:89-114. View abstract
  175. Zeng D, Gazit G, Dejbakhsh-Jones S, Balk SP, Snapper S, Taniguchi M, Strober S. Heterogeneity of NK1.1+ T cells in the bone marrow: divergence from the thymus. J Immunol. 1999 Nov 15; 163(10):5338-45. View abstract
  176. Sonoda KH, Exley M, Snapper S, Balk SP, Stein-Streilein J. CD1-reactive natural killer T cells are required for development of systemic tolerance through an immune-privileged site. J Exp Med. 1999 Nov 01; 190(9):1215-26. View abstract
  177. Fruman DA, Snapper SB, Yballe CM, Alt FW, Cantley LC. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase knockout mice: role of p85alpha in B cell development and proliferation. Biochem Soc Trans. 1999 Aug; 27(4):624-9. View abstract
  178. Fruman DA, Snapper SB, Yballe CM, Davidson L, Yu JY, Alt FW, Cantley LC. Impaired B cell development and proliferation in absence of phosphoinositide 3-kinase p85alpha. Science. 1999 Jan 15; 283(5400):393-7. View abstract
  179. Snapper SB, Rosen FS. The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP): roles in signaling and cytoskeletal organization. Annu Rev Immunol. 1999; 17:905-29. View abstract
  180. Snapper SB, Rosen FS, Mizoguchi E, Cohen P, Khan W, Liu CH, Hagemann TL, Kwan SP, Ferrini R, Davidson L, Bhan AK, Alt FW. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-deficient mice reveal a role for WASP in T but not B cell activation. Immunity. 1998 Jul; 9(1):81-91. View abstract
  181. Snapper SB, Syngal S, Friedman LS. Ulcerative colitis and colon cancer: more controversy than clarity. Dig Dis. 1998 Mar-Apr; 16(2):81-7. View abstract
  182. Barletta RG, Kim DD, Snapper SB, Bloom BR, Jacobs WR. Identification of expression signals of the mycobacteriophages Bxb1, L1 and TM4 using the Escherichia-Mycobacterium shuttle plasmids pYUB75 and pYUB76 designed to create translational fusions to the lacZ gene. J Gen Microbiol. 1992 Jan; 138(1):23-30. View abstract
  183. Jacobs WR, Kalpana GV, Cirillo JD, Pascopella L, Snapper SB, Udani RA, Jones W, Barletta RG, Bloom BR. Genetic systems for mycobacteria. Methods Enzymol. 1991; 204:537-55. View abstract
  184. Snapper SB, Melton RE, Mustafa S, Kieser T, Jacobs WR. Isolation and characterization of efficient plasmid transformation mutants of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Mol Microbiol. 1990 Nov; 4(11):1911-9. View abstract
  185. Jacobs WR, Snapper SB, Lugosi L, Bloom BR. Development of BCG as a recombinant vaccine vehicle. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1990; 155:153-60. View abstract
  186. Jacobs WR, Snapper SB, Tuckman M, Bloom BR. Mycobacteriophage vector systems. Rev Infect Dis. 1989 Mar-Apr; 11 Suppl 2:S404-10. View abstract
  187. Jacobs WR, Snapper SB, Lugosi L, Jekkel A, Melton RE, Kieser T, Bloom BR. Development of genetic systems for the mycobacteria. Acta Leprol. 1989; 7 Suppl 1:203-7. View abstract
  188. Bloom BR, Salgame P, Mehra V, Kato H, Modlin R, Rea T, Brennan P, Convit J, Lugozi L, Snapper S, et al. Vaccine development. On relating immunology to the Third World: some studies on leprosy. Immunol Suppl. 1989; 2:87-9; discussion 91-2. View abstract
  189. Snapper SB, Lugosi L, Jekkel A, Melton RE, Kieser T, Bloom BR, Jacobs WR. Lysogeny and transformation in mycobacteria: stable expression of foreign genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Sep; 85(18):6987-91. View abstract
  190. Davidson A, Chien N, Frank L, Halpern R, Snapper S, Zupko K, Diamond B. Use of anti-idiotypic antibodies to explore genetic mechanisms of production of anti-DNA antibodies. Cell Immunol. 1986 Apr 15; 99(1):44-52. View abstract
  191. Lechan RM, Snapper SB, Jacobson S, Jackson IM. The distribution of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in the rhesus monkey spinal cord. Peptides. 1984; 5 Suppl 1:185-94. View abstract
  192. Lechan RM, Snapper SB, Jackson IM. Evidence that spinal cord thyrotropin-releasing hormone is independent of the paraventricular nucleus. Neurosci Lett. 1983 Dec 23; 43(1):61-5. View abstract