Related Conditions and Treatments
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) involves a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord that damages the brain's myelin.
Arachnoid cysts are sacs filled with spinal fluid that grow in between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane that covers them.
Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs)
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a tangle of arteries and veins in the brain that disrupt the normal flow of blood.
A brain aneurysm is a weak point in a blood vessel within the brain.
CDKL5 disorder is a rare neurodevelopmental condition that is characterized by early onset epilepsy, low muscle tone, and developmental challenges.
Crouzon syndrome is a complex genetic birth disorder that may affect a child’s face, skull, and teeth.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus related to the herpes virus group of infections.
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a neurophysiologic technique primarily used in the evaluation of epilepsy.
Encephalitis means that the brain tissues have become inflamed. When brain tissues are inflamed, they don’t work properly.
An ependymoma is a tumor that arises from cells that are found lining the ventricular system (areas of the brain or spinal cord where spinal fluid is found).
Epilepsy in Children
Epilepsy is a complex condition that makes a child susceptible to seizures.
Fragile X Syndrome
Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that can cause a range of learning and developmental problems.
Infantile spasms, sometimes called West syndrome, are a type of seizure that occurs in babies.
A ketogenic diet (keto) is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, moderate-protein diet used to treat a number of conditions, including epilepsy.
A medulloblastoma is a brain tumor located in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls complex motor functions.
In microcephaly, the brain develops abnormally, causing the head to be much smaller than expected for the child's age.
Seizures in Children
Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children.
Stroke in Children
Stroke is a general term that is used to describe an injury to the brain caused by either bleeding (referred to as hemorrhagic stroke) or a lack of oxygen due to vessel obstruction (referred to as ischemic stroke).
Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurological condition that is present at birth and is not hereditary.
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic condition that causes tumors to grow in many different organs of the body.
Ventriculomegaly is a condition in which the ventricles appear larger than normal on a prenatal ultrasound.